All About Blob Fish

Not many people ever see a blob fish. That’s because they live in very deep water, almost on the bottom of the ocean. To put it bluntly, blob fish are not very attractive. But the only people who ever really get to see them are fishermen who accidentally catch them in their nets when sweeping the ocean floor.

The blob fish or Blob Sculpin, originated in the ocean off of the coasts of Australia and Tasmania. Where they live, at around eight hundred meters, the pressure is eighty times greater than what it is at sea level. That means that the gas bladders of most fish are not going to work for them. But this fish is really just a large mass of gel, kind of like looking at Jello(TM) but larger and with eyes, nose and mouth. The fish averages around two feet long.

Because it is all gel, this fish has a density that is less than water. This lets him float above the floor of the sea without needing to swim. That’s good, because a blob fish has no muscles at all. It looks like a big lump of jelly but it has a triangular face with an expression that is kind of like a scowl or frown. The blob fish feeds by just sitting in the water and waiting for something edible to come by. It eats mostly sea urchins, mollusks and crustaceans.

Blob fish were first described in 1978, very recently in terms of fish identification. The first blob fishes in reproduction were discovered in 2000 on the Gorda Escarpment off the California coast. The fish were in an area where other species of fish and octopus were also breeding. These fishes were watched at several different locations and levels by a remotely operated vehicle, and have been studied every year since they were found.

When first spotted, the blob fish was overseeing nests that contained 9000 to 108,000 pink-colored eggs. The nests all had brooding fish either sitting on their eggs or touching them. Other nest sites in rougher territory looked to be unattended, but the eggs were completely clean, which was thought to mean that brooding fish either sat on the eggs or cleaned them frequently.

The dozens of blob fish and their nests were quite close to one another. Eggs would be on neighboring rocks with sometimes only a meter in-between the families. None of the fish, whether with their eggs or not, showed any fear at all of the remote vehicle. Scientists are still trying to determine why such reproductive hot spots exist. At present it is believed to have to do with cold seeps, which make the water in these regions warmer and supply a steady stream of food.

10 Fun Things To Do In Atlanta

Atlanta Georgia is a traveler’s paradise. If you are planning for a trip to Atlanta then make sure you visit the top 10 attractions in Atlanta. Although there are many fun things to do in Atlanta but the top 10 things to do are given below:-

1- Atlanta History Center – It is one of Southeast’s largest history museums featuring teo historic houses namely- the 1928 Swan House and the Tullie Smith Farm. Besides these the Margaret Mitchell House comes under the operation of the History Center. The the Kenan Research Center is a place worth seeing in the museum.

2- Georgia Aquarium – The Georgia Aquarium is the world’s largest aquarium which covers an area of 13 acres and is home to thousands of animals. You would be amazed to hear that this Aquarium holds more than 8 million gallons of fresh and salt water for the survival of ocean life that lives within it.

3- Piedmont Park – If you a nature lover and want to start your day healthy by jogging then you can take a stroll in this park. The park features picnic facilities,tennis courts, playgrounds, dog park etc. The famous Atlanta Jazz festival is held here.

4- Underground Atlanta – If you want a unique shopping experience then this is the place you should explore. It has numerous retail shops,gift shops,restaurant,food joint and entertainment hubs.

5- World of Cola Atlanta – As the name suggests itself,this place would give a total idea about the history and uniqueness of the Cola Company. You can experience thrilling 4-D movie, “In Search of the Secret Formula”, with 3-D glasses plus moving seats.

6- Atlanta Zoo – If you love seeing the wild animals in the midst of nature then you can give a try at the Zoo Atlanta. The Zoo has more than 100 animals in it and is the home to giant Pandas. The Zoo’s newest attraction is the Trader’s Alley. It also inspires us for the preservation of wildlife through a unique combination of education and outdoor family fun.

7- The Center for Puppetry Arts’ – If you have children to accompany you in your trip to Atlanta then you should definitely visit the center for Puppetry Arts. It provides an entertainment and educational source to the children as well as for the general audience pular Xperimental Puppetry Theater. There’s something for everyone!

8- Atlanta Botanical Garden – The plant lovers would really like this place. It features beautiful plant collections and spectacular exhibitions. The attraction of the botanical gardens is the carnivorous plant which you can see and enjoy.

9- Georgia Dome – It is the largest domed stadium in the world. It is the home of the Atlanta Falcons and site of two Super Bowls. All the sports lovers would surely give a try to this one.

10- Atlanta Opera – The highest standards of Opera are presented in the Atlanta Opera. Both musical and theatrical performances are held here. It also works to attract the finest national,international and regional singers, conductors, stage directors and designers.

Raccoon Behavior in Residential Areas

Living with Raccoons

Raccoons are medium-sized breed mammals that have made their homes in the woods and forests of North America for over 500 years. Once our society began claiming land and building cities, industrial complexes, roads, and highways, overtime, the raccoons and other wildlife were forced to leave their habitats and live among us in our residential communities. Today, it is common for someone to see a raccoon, squirrel, or rabbit running through the trees and bushes of a neighborhood. In fact, that person wouldn’t think twice about it. This is because we have become so accustomed to living side-by-side with these animals; consequently, sharing our porches, crawl spaces, attics, garbage, backyards, flowerbeds, and more with these critters, particularly raccoons.

Raccoons Are Mischievous

The species is known for their intelligence, and they use this intellect to cause more mischief than other animals do in our neighborhoods. For a raccoon, our homes and buildings are shelters for them to nest and breed in, and our garbage is their personal dinner buffet each night. They tamper with our belongings and create huge messes for us to clean up in the morning. Being a nocturnal breed, raccoons only come out at night, so they create all this mischief while we are fast asleep in bed.

Finding Shelter

Raccoons are attracted to shelters that are warm, dim, safe, and isolated from predators. In a residential community, the spots that most accurately encompass all of these qualities are areas in our homes and buildings. Spaces such as attics and crawl spaces are among a few of their favorites. This creates a problem because the accumulation of their scat, food debris, nesting, and breeding results in structural and electrical damages that is costly to repair. They gain access to these areas by scoping out weak and vulnerable spots on roofs and sides of homes and buildings.

Finding Food

Raccoons are thrifty animals, and along with their intelligence, they manage to find food sources in our neighborhoods, night after night. They can use their hands to turn handles and unlock gates, gaining access to our garages and backyards. They rummage through trash cans, city dumpsters, garden beds, crops, and more. A night of raccoon “food finding” is obvious in the daylight, because they create such huge messes with food and garbage; another reason why they are viewed as a nuisance.

Raccoons have become a nuisance in residential communities, but there are ways to avoid issues with them. By following certain guidelines and rules, such as sealing your garbage and never feeding raccoons, you can achieve a raccoon-free property.

5 Tips For Writing Introductions For Research Papers

Writing the introduction of a research paper can prove to be difficult if you do not follow a systematic way of doing it. The truth is, it is easy to compose one as long as you follow a guide.

Presumably, you need information on how to write the introduction when you are preparing your research proposal. But there are researchers who prefer to write the introduction after they have finished the research activity.

The five tips below apply to the former situation, that is, for those who intend to come up with their research proposal.

1. Have a focus topic.

Writing a research paper requires a focus topic. State the specific issue that you would want to focus your research on.

For example, if you are interested on the extent of damage caused by marshland conversion into housing subdivisions, then your focus topic will revolve around this environmental concern. You can narrow this down further by looking into the value of ecological services lost due to marshland conversion into housing subdivisions.

Your focus topic should be reflected in the title of your research paper.

2. Prepare an outline.

An outline serves as the framework of your introduction. You can start by just randomly writing words or phrases of ideas that you intend to expound on and then arrange them logically.

For example, the introduction based on the focus topic above may be outlined thus:

  • ecological functions of marshlands
  • goods and services derived by man from marshlands
  • synthesis of literature on the value of marshlands
  • rate of conversion of marshlands for the past decade
  • impact of the conversion to wildlife living in the marshlands

Visualize a capital letter ‘V’ in your arrangement of the topics. This means that you write your introduction from a general to specific point of view or deductive perspective.

3. Point out the gaps in knowledge.

What has been done so far about your research paper’s concern? Did somebody attempt to study a similar concern before? If there are studies done ahead of you, explain why your study is different, unique and important.

Reserve the details of the review of literature section in the main body of your research paper. Your discussion in the introduction will just highlight the critical issues that need to be elucidated.

For example, you may write:

Although previous studies noted the adverse effects of wetland conversion into housing subdivisions, no attempt was made to impute monetary value to loss of ecological services. Hence, it is difficult to quantify the costs and benefits of wetland conversion to accommodate human needs for housing.

4. Write the objective/s of your research paper.

This is a critical part of your introduction. What do you really want to achieve in your research paper after having extensively reviewed relevant literature?

Based on the focus topic identified earlier, you might want to have the following as your objectives:

  • The objective of this research paper is to determine the monetary value of ecological services lost due to the conversion of marshlands into housing subdivisions.
  • This study attempts to identify the specific wildlife affected by housing development.

5. Explain how you will resolve the problem.

Since there is a gap in knowledge, what are the specific things you will do to bridge or fill in the gap? This part of your introduction will tell the reader how you intend to resolve the problem or meet the objectives. At the end of the study what are the expected outcomes?

Try to write as concisely as possible without leaving out important details. A two or three page introduction will be sufficient to explain the contents of your research paper. But the length, of course, entirely depends on the issue or concern you are investigating. Make your writing tight.

Essentially, the introduction is a summary or overview of the whole research paper. It provides information on what to expect when the paper is read in full.